How Is Gin Made?

First, a neutral base spirit (similar to vodka) is made. Then, the base spirit is redistilled with botanicals to extract essential oils and aromas and build flavor.

Similar to tea (but on a far grander scale), some producers macerate the juniper and botanicals in a spirit for under 48 hours to infuse flavor before the final distillation.

Other producers place botanicals in a basket inside a still. 

As the still heats, the spirit turns to vapor and passes through the basket. 

The final liquid retains the flavors and aromatic compounds of the botanicals.

Base spirits can be made wheat, barley, corn, grape, potato, whey, or any other raw material that can be fermented into alcohol.

To add flavor, distillers can choose from a world of botanicals, including seeds, berries, peels, spices, herbs and fruit  — coriander seeds, orris root, orange peel, and angelica root are especially popular choices.